Home Join Teachmint Classroom Indian Economic Service Exam Classroom RBI Grade B DEPR Exam Classroom UGC NET/JRF Economics Exam Classroom Browse by Subject Category

Peri-Urban Agriculture and COVID-19

In this article, we will have a look at Peri-urban agriculture and the role of Peri-urban agriculture in the Pandemic and its impact on Sustainable Development goals (SDGs). We will also have a look at the various suggestions for the improvement of urban agriculture and its importance.

Home gardens are an important solution to the food crises in developing countries. It can play an important role in advancing food and nutritional security during and after the Covid-19 pandemic. They also provide access to fresh vegetables and fruits. Urban Agriculture can play an even more critical role in achieving food security during a global crisis such as the pandemic situation.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the role of innovative urban farming systems was critical to addressing the following issues both in developing and developed economies: large populations living in mega and giga-cities with large food demand, high food waste at all steps of the supply chain and long food mileage, undernourishment and malnourishment because of the poor nutritional quality of the food, disruptions in the food supply chain, and low income as a result of the lockdown.

In accord with the strengthening of Ecosystem services, HGUA (Home Gardening Urban Agriculture) has also had positive impacts on the SDGs of the U.N. Urban waste, a major environmental hazard and source of pollution, can become an asset by developing a cyclic economy. Compost made from waste is an essential amendment to restore soil health, enhance productivity, and improve the nutritional quality of food grown under HGUA systems. Sustainable management of soils by practising HGUA can simultaneously enhance humanity’s culture, civilization, livelihood and health and create sustainable communities.

The various suggestion for the promotion of Urban agriculture includes the participation and involvement of the government by the implementation of policies. Awareness is needed to be spread to the urban dwellers regarding the benefits received through urban farming. In India, there is a lack of financial, technological and institutional support, so these limitations are needed to be taken into consideration and necessary steps are required to be implemented to overcome these drawbacks. Introducing new technology and methods would also help in enhancing the urban farming. The urban farming has a positive impact on the ecology. It is seen as one of the most sustainable developments in agriculture to meet the problem of food security for the growing urban population. Research can be implemented in these conventional types of farming to reduce the problem of food insecurity.

Though there are various constraints in urban farming, it helps in reducing food insecurity, generates income, conserves natural resources and also produces toxic free vegetables. So necessary steps are required to be taken in encouraging and improving urban farming. Urban farming helps in self-sufficiency among the cultivators and also provides the urban poor with nutritious rich food and helps them in securing food.

Also Read:
Farm Bill 2020 - Farmer's Protest and the Economic Rationality
Agriculture: An Integral part of Indian Economy
Rural Economy: Challenges | Government Policies | Rural Development

1 comment: